Bharat Bytes: Funding for chip makers; security tools outdated; IT BPM jobs up; translation help for IT; universities cleared to teach online

Bharat Bytes is Computerworld India’s weekly look at the world of IT.

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Union Cabinet approves ₹76,000 crore incentive scheme for semiconductor production

In order to position India as a worldwide centre for hi-tech production, the Union Cabinet authorised a ₹76,000 crore policy boost for the semiconductor and display manufacturing ecosystem.

The government anticipates roughly ₹1.7 lakh crore in investments and 1.35 lakh jobs to be produced under the scheme over the next four years, according to Minister of Electronics and Information Technology Ashwini Vaishnaw.

The global chip shortage sparked by the pandemic last year is posing problems for manufacturers of automobiles and mobile handsets, among other things. To address the problem, auto makers have reduced the number of semiconductors used in their designs. The shortage of semiconductors is expected to last another year.

Tata Group is reported to be in discussion with foreign companies and state governments regarding the construction of a semiconductor assembly and test plant in India.

One in three cybersecurity tech used by companies in India are outdated

Indian security and privacy professionals say 37 percent of the cybersecurity technologies their organisations use are outdated, according to a survey by Cisco Systems. Indian respondents also consider their cybersecurity infrastructure unreliable and complex.

Modern cybersecurity technologies such as Zero Trust and Secure Access Service Edge (SASE) are finding their place in India, though. Nine in ten respondents here said their company is investing in a Zero Trust strategy, with 44 percent saying their organization is making steady progress adopting it and 45 percent at a mature state of implemention.

As for SASE, 88 percent of respondents said their company is investing in it, with 44 percent making good progress with adoption and a similar number saying their implementation is at a mature level.

According to the study, organizations with mature implementations of Zero Trust or SASE architectures are 35 percent more likely to report strong security operations than those with nascent implementations.

Demand for IT BPM workers is rising, driven by need for a few key skills

The IT BPM industry is on a positive hiring trajectory—the sector is expected to add 3.75 lakh new jobs over the year, growing 7.5% to 4.85 million by March 2022, according to a report by TeamLease Digital.

The most in demand skills in the field include data analytics, UI/UX, machine learning, artificial intelligence, mobile app development, cloud and devops, cyber security, data science, full stack development, RPA and data visualization.

Particularly for data engineering, data science, machine learning and artificial intelligence skills, demand far outstrips supply, and companies are advised to develop internal reasources through upskilling and cross-training.

TeamLease Digital forecasts that employment in the IT-BPM sector will rise from around 4.47 million to 10 million over the next 5 years, with contract staffing rising from 3% to 6% of this base.

But there’ll be a lot of churn on the way to those numbers. The study forecasts that in FY2022, full-time employment attrition in the sector will almost double, from 13% to 24%, with contract staffing attrition growing from 40% to 49%.

Translation project could provide IT jobs, make working in other languages easier

Vice President Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu wants India’s universities to help improve the scienctific and technical vocabulary of India’s languages, and to extend the current national policy of mother-tongue education in schools to higher education and technical courses too.

He stressed need for advanced research on Indian languages so people are confident discussing topics such as IT—for which much of the technical vocabulary is in English — in local language, and called for the creation of new terminology to enable the use of Indian languages in academic fields.

Addressing a Foundation Day event at Potti Sreeramulu Telugu University, the vice-president also suggested leveraging technological advancements in translation to make regional Indian literature accessible to people in their own mother tongue.

Automated machine translation tools such as Google Translate are already able to translate, with varying degrees of accuracy, between languages such as Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu.

A number of India’s official and scheduled languages still have no machine translation option, though, opening up opportunities for IT workers to develop and train new models to process those languages.

Lokpal opens portal for online complaints against public servants

A government body set up to investigate corruption among public servants has opened a new channel for citizens to file complaints: an online portal, LokpalOnline.

It’s one of a number of steps the government is taking a digitize processes within the judiciary, with the goal of increasing efficiency and reducing time spent on non-productive tasks.

A recent paper from the government think-tank NITI Aayog, “Designing the Future of Dispute Resolution: The ODR Policy Plan for India,” gave a foretaste of other ways in which IT can aid in the resolution of disputes, such as easy access to online case records and previous judicial pronouncements, voice recognition software to reduce reliance on stenographers, video conferencing to expand the reach of courts, case management systems, e-registry of court, automated preparation of case-lists, and phasing out physical records through e-filing and e-submission of documents.

Universities get all-clear to offer full-fledged online programmes

The University Grants Commission (UGC) has issued essential regulations to encourage universities to offer full-fledged online programmes in order to boost online education.

Universities will be able to offer up to 40% of a semester’s courses in any programme through the SWAYAM Platform, thanks to the UGC’s Credit Framework for Online Learning Courses through SWAYAM (Study Webs of Active Learning for Young Aspiring Minds) Regulations, 2021.

The Ministry of Education is also taking the initiative in areas with limited online education infrastructure, bringing together all activities connected to digital, online and on-air education to facilitate multi-mode access to education.

Karnataka-Finland Innovation Corridor extended

The government of Finland and the state of Karnataka want to extend their long-running technology and employment collaboration to encourage growth in the use of artificial intelligence.

Karnataka is home to more than 50% of the country’s AI and ML professionals, according to the state’s Department of Industries and Commerce. In 2018, Finland offered one of the first free English-language online AI courses, Elements of AI, and is home to

The Karnataka–Finland Innovation Corridor, launched in 2017, aims to find common interests and collaborate on joint projects including start-up incubation, research, events, competitions, and exposure visits.

Copyright © 2021 IDG Communications, Inc.

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