Concerns mount over Lenovo's IBM deal

The acquisition of IBM Corp.'s PC business by China's largest PC maker, Lenovo Group Ltd., may pose a threat to U.S. national security and deserves a closer review by the U.S. Congress and government agencies before a decision is made on whether or not to approve the deal, three U.S. lawmakers said this week.

Their concerns were set out in a letter sent Wednesday to U.S. Treasury Secretary John Snow and signed by three Republican congressmen -- House International Relations Committee Chairman Henry Hyde, House Armed Services Committee Chairman Duncan Hunter and House Small Business Committee Chairman Don Manzullo.

Specifically, the congressmen worried that the US$1.75 billion deal could transfer advanced technology and corporate assets to the Chinese government, along with licensable or export-controlled technology, and may result in certain U.S. government contracts involving PCs being fulfilled by the Chinese government, according to a statement released by the House Armed Services Committee.

Lenovo is a public company listed in Hong Kong. However, Lenovo's parent company and largest shareholder, Legend Holdings Ltd., is closely tied to the Chinese Academy of Sciences, a government institution that manages national scientific research efforts in China and is directly overseen by the State Council -- China's highest administrative body.

"Given the important issues at stake, Congress and other federal agencies need more time to evaluate the process and provide comments on the sale," the congressmen said in the statement, noting that the Dec. 8 announcement of the deal took place when Congress was not in session.

In response, Angela Lee, a spokeswoman for Lenovo, said, "Lenovo continues to cooperate with the routine review (of the deal) by all regulatory bodies."

That may not be enough to avoid an extended review of the deal by the U.S. Treasury Department's Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS). The lawmakers' call for additional time to review the Lenovo deal now makes an extended review by CFIUS "very likely," said Helen Lau, an analyst at Celestial Asia Securities Holdings Ltd., in Hong Kong.

That doesn't bode well for Lenovo. There are several possible outcomes to an extended investigation, including U.S. government approval for the acquisition, Lau said. However, a more likely outcome, according to Lau, is that the government will allow most of the deal to go through but block the part that involves the sale of IBM's research and development (R&D) operations. That would reduce Lenovo's ability to compete against rivals like Dell Inc. and Hewlett-Packard Co., which currently spend more on R&D.

"Without IBM's R&D support, it is hard for Lenovo to compete against Dell," Lau said.

Treasury Department officials were not immediately available for comment.

Lenovo's acquisition of IBM PC's business was not expected to provoke a debate over U.S. national security. The initial reaction among analysts and users was generally positive. Even more so in China, where the official People's Daily newspaper declared in an editorial that the deal was a cause for "unlimited reverie" and a "perfect combination." But a range of concerns soon emerged.

Shortly after the deal was announced, Gartner Inc. said in a research note that, "This deal makes sense for both companies." But it warned that disruptions were likely and advised ThinkPad customers to take advantage of the potential risks inherent in the deal and negotiate lower prices from IBM. They should also be prepared to switch vendors if IBM's responsiveness to their concerns dropped, it said.

"Most customers (in Japan) received the news with anxiety," said Kumi Shingyouchi, a senior PC analyst at IDC Japan, citing anecdotal evidence of purchasing managers who considered switching vendors immediately after the acquisition was announced. These IT managers wanted to deal with IBM, not Lenovo, she said.

Japanese users aren't the only ones concerned. "Change always makes people nervous," said Philip Papadopoulos, a long-time ThinkPad user and the program director of grid and cluster computing at the San Diego Supercomputing Center.

"My nervousness is that the vision of the ThinkPad will get lost in transition," Papadopoulos said, adding he will likely stick with Lenovo if it maintains the quality of the ThinkPad series.

Even if most customers opt to stick with Lenovo after the acquisition, the company is sure to lose some customers nevertheless, said Marvin Lo, an analyst at BNP Paribas Peregrine, in Hong Kong. "I think that's unavoidable. Some clients will obviously walk away from this deal, especially the U.S. government," he said.

For its part, Lenovo wants to convince users that it can continue to offer high-quality products under the ThinkPad brand. "We believe that this deal will bring even greater value to IBM

Copyright © 2005 IDG Communications, Inc.

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