Sidebar: E-waste Resource List

For more information on e-waste disposal, check out the following resources:

Regulatory E-waste Initiatives

  • "Restriction on Hazardous Substances" (download PDF)

    This European Union directive requires the phaseout of nine toxic materials from electrical and electronic equipment sold in EU countries by July 1, 2006.

  • Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (download PDF)

    This EU directive makes manufacturers responsible for end-of-life recycling of their products.

  • Electronic Waste Recycling Act

    California SB 20 legislation assesses a $6 to $10 fee at time of sale on display screens greater than a specified size to cover recycling costs. Also bans export of e-waste to developing nations and requires the elimination of some substances from electronic products.

  • Hazardous Waste Infrastructure Program Act (H.R. 1165)

    U.S. House bill sponsored by Rep. Mike Thompson (D-Calif.) would require the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to create a grant program that would assess a $10 fee on computers at time of purchase to "promote the development of a national infrastructure for the recycling of used computers."

  • Basel Convention

    United Nations treaty banning the export of e-waste to developing countries. Although 41 nations have ratified the convention, the U.S. has not. Therefore, U.S. companies aren't bound by it.

Advocacy Groups

Papers and Research Reports

Environmental Certifications and Seals

  • TCO

    A Swedish consortia of unions and workers created the TCO-92 certification that's widely used by display manufacturers. Displays and PCs that carry the seal must meet the TCO's criteria for emissions and use of recyclable material.

  • Blue Angel (download PDF)

    This labeling system, developed by the German Federal Environment Agency, requires computer products carrying the Blue Angel seal to conform to specific standards for ease of recycling. For example, products can't use brominated fire retardants.

Recycling Organizations and Vendors

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