Electronic Discovery

Special Report: Security
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Computer forensics is one aspect of a broader concept called electronic discovery, which refers to any process in which data from a particular computer or network is sought, located, secured and searched with the intent of using it as evidence in a civil or criminal legal case. Hacking that may be ordered by a court or sanctioned by a government agency to obtain evidence can also be considered a form of electronic discovery.

In general, discovery refers to the overall process, whereas computer forensics is concerned with specific procedures and technical interpretation of discovered data.

An important factor in electronic discovery is the completeness of information and the extent to which the organization may be required (by law or regulation) to maintain copies. When a party is required to supply documents and correspondence about a particular event or transaction, it is expected to provide all such documents without filtering or editing.

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