Diplomatic and government agencies targeted in years-long cyberespionage operation
The Red October attackers spend a couple of days gathering information about an infected system and its network before deciding which modules to use and how. The attacks are more personal and the level of customization is greater, Raiu said.
The operation's command-and-control infrastructure is also sophisticated. The Kaspersky researchers discovered more than 60 domain names used for command-and-control purposes that are hosted on servers in Russia, Germany and other countries. The whole infrastructure is actually a chain of servers that act as proxies to hide the main and yet-to-be-identified "mothership" server, they said.
Given the length of the operation, the Kaspersky researchers believe that hundreds of terabytes of sensitive data have probably been stolen until now.
Raiu declined to name any of the affected organizations, but said that the company is open to working with the national CERTs (computer emergency response teams) from countries where victims were identified and provide them with the IP (Internet protocol) addresses of the victims.
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