Groups say FISA law needs more oversight -- now
Fear U.S. Senate will reauthorize warrantless surveillance of U.S. citizens before year's end
Computerworld - The specter that Congress will reauthorize the controversial FISA Amendments Act of 2008 without any changes to its sweeping spying provisions is evoking cries of alarm from advocacy and privacy groups.
Many say the law, originally targeted at keeping watch on foreign spies, agents and possible terrorists, has been amended to allow the government, without warrants, to monitor U.S citizens as well. Such powers would be unconstitutional, the groups contend.
The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) was enacted in 1978 to improve the ability of courts to oversee foreign intelligence surveillance activities.
The FISA legislation initially created a set of procedures for electronic and physical surveillance of foreign individuals and groups that are located in the U.S. and are believed to be working for other governments.
The act established a special non-public federal court charged with issuing search warrants under FISA.
Over the years, the act has been significantly amended and broadened.
For instance, the FISA Amendments Act of 2008 gives the government broad powers to monitor all communications between people U.S. citizens and residents of other countries who are alleged to pose a risk to national security.
The amended law allows the National Security Agency and other spy agencies to monitor, without a warrant, all electronic communications between a suspect based outside the U.S. and a U.S. citizen that is in the country.
Various advocacy groups, including the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), the Center for Democracy and Technology (CDT) and the American Civil Liberties (ACLU) have expressed concern that government agencies are using the law to justify extensive surveillance of both foreign nationals and millions of Americans.
The groups are demanding information on the number of American citizens who might have been impacted by the surveillance -- information they say is currently unavailable due to a near total lack of government transparency.
The groups say that questionable provisions of the law are now set to expire on Dec. 31, but would continue apace if Congress votes to reauthorize the provisions.
The U.S. House of Representative has already voted to extend the FISA Amendment Act for another five years. The advocacy groups say they fear that the U.S. Senate may approve the extension some time in the next few days.
Earlier this year, U.S. Senator Ron Wyden (D-Ore.) led a bipartisan group of nearly a dozen lawmakers seeking debate on the bill due to the concerns cited by EFF and the other groups.
In a letter addressed to the Director of National Intelligence, the senators demanded information on how many people within the U.S. had electronic communications intercepted and monitored by spy agencies.
Because the FISA legislation doesn't require individual warrants, "it is incumbent upon Congress to ensure that the government does not use these new authorities to deliberately spy on American citizens," the senators wrote.
- Privacy jitters derail controversial K-12 big data initiative
- 3 privacy violations you shouldn't worry about
- U.S. commercial drone industry struggles to take off
- Snowden leaks erode trust in Internet companies, government
- NSA phone metadata collection program renewed for 90 days
- NSA isn't evil, says noted civil libertarian
- Franken presses Ford on location data collection practices
- Justices let stand appeals court decision on border searches of laptops
- California lawmakers move to bar state help to NSA
- Appeals court again nixes Google's bid to overturn Street View case
- Silicon Valley's 19 Coolest Places to Work
- Is Windows 8 Development Worth the Trouble?
- 8 Books Every IT Leader Should Read This Year
- 10 Hot Hadoop Startups to Watch
- Slideshow: 7 security mistakes people make with their mobile device
- iOS vs. Android: Which is more secure?
- 11 sure signs you've been hacked
- Neustar 2014 DDoS Attacks and Impact Report For the third consecutive year, Neustar surveyed hundreds of companies on distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks. The survey reveals evidence that the...
- Acxiom Case Study This case study, which focuses on Acxiom, explores how the company was able to secure employee data, reduce migration costs and boost productivity...
- Windows® XP Migration: Protect and Secure Critical Data With the end of the Microsoft Windows XP operating system's lifecycle on April 8, 2014, businesses are faced with the decision to migrate...
- Enhancing Application Protection and Recovery with a Modern Approach to Snapshot Management This CommVault Business Value and Technology White Paper explains how Simpana IntelliSnap® Recovery Manager can make your application recovery fast and reliable.
- Live Webcast LIVE EVENT: 5/7, The End of Data Protection As We Know It. Introducing a Next Generation Data Protection Architecture. Traditional backup is going away, but where does this leave end-users?
- LIVE EVENT: 5/7, The End of Data Protection As We Know It. Introducing a Next Generation Data Protection Architecture. Traditional backup is going away, but where does this leave end-users?
- On-demand webinar: "Mobility Mayhem: Balancing BYOD with Enterprise Security" Check out this on-demand webinar to hear Sophos senior security expert John Shier deep dive into how BYOD impacts your enterprise security strategy... All Security White Papers | Webcasts