Jury begins deliberations after Oracle, Google attorneys debate fair use
The jury must decide whether Google infringed Oracle's Java copyrights in its Android OS
IDG News Service - The jury began its deliberations Monday in the copyright phase of Oracle's lawsuit against Google over Android.
Attorneys for both sides made their closing arguments Monday morning, and the jury left the courtroom to consider its verdict at about noon West Coast time. It's unlikely the jurors will reach a decision before Tuesday, and it's possible they will take several days after that.
For Oracle to win, all 12 jurors must agree that Oracle proved its case by a "preponderance of the evidence," or by most of the evidence presented at trial.
The trial is in three parts, and this first verdict will be for the copyright phase only. The next phase will address Oracle's allegations of patent infringement, and the final phase will determine any damages Oracle should receive.
However, Oracle's copyright claims are seen as the strongest part of its case, so this first verdict is considered crucial by both sides.
Oracle sued Google about two years ago, arguing that its Android software infringes Java patents and copyrights that Oracle acquired when it bought Sun Microsystems. Google denies any wrongdoing, saying it built a "clean room" version of Java.
The judge has instructed the jury that simple names and phrases, such as those given to the methods and classes in Oracle's Java APIs (application programming interfaces), can't be copyrighted under U.S. law.
Instead, the jury has to decide whether Google infringed the "structure, organization and sequence" of the Java APIs -- in other words, how they are organized and how they relate to each other. If it decides Google did infringe the APIs, it must then decide if Google's usage is protected by "fair use."
Robert Van Nest, an attorney for Google, made several fair-use arguments in his closing statement on Monday. One measure of fair use is how significant the copied material is to the original work as a whole, he said.
Google is accused of copying 37 of Oracle's Java APIs (Java application programming interfaces) in Android, and Van Nest said that represents a small part of Java as a whole.
"The relevant comparison is the structure, sequence and organization of 37 APIs out of the entirety of Java," he said.
He also argued Google's use of the APIs was "transformative," meaning it created something new and different out of the APIs. Android is the first successful Java smartphone platform on the market, Van Nest said.
Oracle attorney Michael Jacobs disagreed, pointing to Research In Motion's BlackBerry and Danger's Sidekick. "Is Android kind of cool and is it the hot new thing? Of course it is," he said. "But is it transformative under the meaning of the law? No."
- Troubleshooting Common Issues in VoIP Learn more about Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), including common VoIP metrics used, best practices in VoIP management and tips and tricks for...
- IDG Research Survey: Are you Paying Too Much for Your NMS? Feel like you're paying too much for network monitoring? You're not alone. This survey brief summarizes findings from research recently fielded by IDG...
- 2013 Network Management Software (NMS) Buyers Guide This white paper contains an independent comparison study of six different network management solutions and provides guidance on how you can choose the...
- Rightsizing Your Network Performance Management Solution: 4 Case Studies This white paper discusses challenges encountered as organizations search for the most cost-effective network performance management solution.
- Tips to Simplify Database Administration and Development Make your job easier while getting the most from the leading productivity tool for database professionals. Learn tips from Dell Software's Oracle® ACE,...
- E-Signature RFP Checklist Webcast If your organization is looking to adopt e-signatures, you may be overwhelmed by the number of providers that offer seemingly similar solutions. How... All Data Center White Papers | Webcasts
Our new bimonthly Internet of Things newsletter helps you keep pace with the rapidly evolving technologies, trends and developments related to the IoT. Subscribe now and stay up to date!