Microsoft downplays Server bug threat, say researchers
Admins might not even know the vulnerable WINS component is installed
Computerworld - Microsoft is downplaying the threat posed by one of the three bugs the company patched today, said security researchers.
The update in question, MS11-035, patches a single vulnerability in WINS (Windows Internet Name Service), a component in every supported edition of Windows Server, including Server 2003, 2008 and the newest, Server 2008 R2.
Attackers could exploit the WINS bug by crafting a malicious data packet, then shooting it at a vulnerable Windows Server box.
What irked researchers is that although Microsoft rated the bug as "critical," the company's highest threat ranking, it also pointed out that WINS is not installed by default, citing that as a mitigation factor.
While true, that overlooks the fact that many networks, especially larger ones in enterprises and government agencies, have WINS installed.
"Most organizations have to install WINS," said Marcus Carey, Rapid7's enterprise security community manager. "With governments and big agencies -- any large network -- WINS is going to be running."
That's because WINS -- Microsoft's name server for Windows networks -- is required for many older third-party or custom-built applications, called "legacy" programs, said Andrew Storms, director of security operations at nCircle Security. "There's so much legacy that relies on WINS [that] our gut instinct is that most will have it installed in the data center," said Storms.
Like Carey, Storms said Microsoft, intentionally or not, softened the warning by telling customers WINS isn't installed by default. "They seem to be downplaying it," Storms said. "It is a network-based remote code possibility, so it comes with some trepidation."
Jason Miller, the data and security team manager for Shavlik Technologies, agreed. "There are more networks with WINS than most people think," he said. "Not only do some very-old legacy applications require it, but some admins, those who inherited a network or those with less tech savvy, may not even know it's installed."
Because Microsoft last patched WINS in 2009, it's possible that the component is active without admins knowing it, Miller argued.
One researcher, however, said Microsoft wasn't downplaying the WINS bug.
"Yes, the vulnerability is remote code executable," said the manager of Qualys' vulnerability research lab. "But I don't think they're trying to downplay it. WINS is not really needed anymore, unless you have some really old software, like SQL Server 2000."
Carey, Storms, Miller and Sarwate all believe that attackers will focus on the WINS vulnerability.
"This is a big deal," said Carey. "There's not an active exploit for this as far as we know, but if attackers are on the top of their game, they could have one in a week or less."
Carey said that hackers could use fuzzers -- tools that hammer at an application looking for a weakness -- to quickly locate the flaw in WINS. "We think it will be easy to do, and that they'll figure it out quickly," he said.
- Warning: Cloud Data at Risk Experts agree that relying on SaaS vendors to backup and restore your data is dangerous. Yet that's exactly what huge portions of the...
- The Opportunities and Challenges of the Cloud In this report F5 poses questions to IDC analysts, Sally Hudson and Phil Hochmuth, on behalf of F5's customers to better understand the...
- Mobile First: Securing Information Sprawl Learn how the partnership between Box and MobileIron can help you execute a "mobile first" strategy that manages and secures both mobile apps...
- The Truth About Cloud Security "Security" is the number one issue holding business leaders back from the cloud. But does the reality match the perception?
- What should I look for in a Next Generation Firewall? SANS Provides Guidance With so many vendors claiming to have a Next Generation Firewall (NGFW), it can be difficult to tell what makes each one different....
- Responding to New SSL Cybersecurity Threat The featured Gartner research examines current strategies to address new SSL cybersecurity threats and vulnerabilities. All Security White Papers | Webcasts
Our new bimonthly Internet of Things newsletter helps you keep pace with the rapidly evolving technologies, trends and developments related to the IoT. Subscribe now and stay up to date!