'Elena's Inbox' details H-1B battle in Clinton White House
Memos to Supreme Court nominee Elena Kagan from Clinton administration opens door to battle over H-1B visa in critical year
Computerworld - The year 1998 was a pivotal one in the H-1B debate. One year earlier, the H-1B cap of 65,000 was reached for the first time, and demand for the visa was rising with the dot-com boom.
Before that year ended, the high-tech industry would win its fight to raise the visa cap as President Clinton's White House gave ground on a push for visa reform.
This story is revealed in memos that arrived in the White House mailbox of Elena Kagan, President Barack Obama's U.S. Supreme Court nominee. The U.S. Senate has been holding hearings this week on her nomination.
Kagan was a Clinton White House policy adviser in the mid- to late-1990s, and then part of a circle of senior administration officials working on the H-1B visa policy.
Although Kagan appears to be mostly a recipient and not an author of the various memos about this visa program, the debate over the administration's H-1B policy appears to unfold in her in-box.
The Sunlight Foundation, a Washington-based open-government advocacy group, said on Thursday that it had completed making Kagan's memos from her White House years accessible -- some 13,000 files in a database it calls Elena's Inbox.
The material is from President Bill Clinton's library, but what Sunlight did is to give this electronic correspondence a familiar "in-box" feel, and make it searchable.
The issues that were raised in 1998 over the H-1B visa are still debated today, but in late winter of that year, Congress was moving to raise the cap despite Clinton White House skepticism.
In March of that year, there was a White House meeting with "high tech + advocates," according to a memo sent to Kagan from another administration adviser, Julie Fernandes, that described a push by the tech industry for an increase in the H-1B cap. But it also noted, "Industry was reluctant to discuss long-term solutions and H1B reforms concurrent with our discussion of short-term solutions."
The Clinton administration wanted a cap increase coupled with reform of the H-1B program, and in a note to Kagan, Fernandes wrote about including provisions that would require companies to first try to hire U.S. workers, if the position paid less than $75,000.
Such a provision "calls industry's bluff re: their shortage of really highly skilled and desirable workers."
At the time of this White House debate on H-1B, in April 1998, testimony titled "Debunking the Myth of a Desperate Software Labor Shortage" was presented by Norm Matloff, a professor of computer science at the University of California, Davis, before the U.S. House Judiciary Committee's subcommittee on immigration.
Pointing to the White House memo about calling the bluff, Matloff said this meant that there was a belief among some in the White House that the tech companies weren't necessarily hiring "the best and brightest and they were not paying above $75,000 a year in many cases."
"On the one hand [the White House] realized that they were being sold a bill of goods but on the other hand politically they had no choice but to go along with the [H-1B] increase," said Matloff, citing the industry's then-increasing political clout.
In its push for reform, the White House saw a "press opportunity" to get its message out in July 1998, when The Washington Post began interviewing administration officials about H-1B visas for a story "from the worker's perspective," according to a White House memo.
- GOP presses ahead on H-1B, green cards with vague, muddy statement
- 5 reasons why your IT job search is getting harder
- Professors warn that grads could face competition from H-1B workers
- Infosys ran 'unlawful' visa scheme, U.S. alleges in settlement
- U.S. set to disclose Infosys visa case resolution
- Infosys prepares U.S. settlement over visa use, as it faces new class action suit
- House Democrats push ahead on immigration, H-1B
- Utility cuts IT workforce, hires Indian outsourcers
- IBM settles with U.S. over alleged discrimination in job ads
- H-1B workers in line for Obamacare work
- 15 Non-Certified IT Skills Growing in Demand
- How 19 Tech Titans Target Healthcare
- Twitter Suffering From Growing Pains (and Facebook Comparisons)
- Agile Comes to Data Integration
- Slideshow: 7 security mistakes people make with their mobile device
- iOS vs. Android: Which is more secure?
- 11 sure signs you've been hacked
Changing the Way Government Works: Four Technology Trends that Drive Down Costs and Increase Productivity
This paper discusses four technology-based approaches to improving processes and increasing
productivity while driving down department and agency costs.
- Pay-as-you-Grow Data Protection: IBM Tivoli's Full-featured Data Protection Suite for Small to Medium Businesses IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Suite for Unified Recovery gives small and medium businesses the opportunity to start out with only the individual solutions...
- Streamline Data Protection with IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Operations Center IBM Tivoli Storage Manager (TSM) has been an industry-standard data protection solution for two decades. But, where most competitors focus exclusively on Backup...
- Simplify and Consolidate Data Protection for Better Business Results Learn about IBM® Tivoli® Storage Manager Operations Center, which provides advanced visualization, built-in analytics and integrated workflow automation features that leapfrog traditional backup...
- Meg Whitman presents Unlocking IT with Big Data During this Web Event you will hear Meg Whitman, President and CEO, HP discuss HAVEn - the #1 Big Data platform, as well...
- The New Way to Work Knowledge Vault This Knowledge Vault focuses on how, in today's increasingly virtual world, it's more important than ever to engage deeply with employees, suppliers, partners,... All Gov't Legislation/Regulation White Papers | Webcasts