Drummond, in his blog post, said that -- in part due to this incident -- Google would no longer censor search results in China, a move that could cause its Web site to be blocked by the Chinese government.
Corporate IT workers have come to expect all sorts of Internet attacks from China in recent years, but because of the distributed nature of the Internet, it's very hard to determine the true source of a cyber attack. For several hundred dollars, criminals from any country can buy so-called bulletproof hosting in China. These servers are guaranteed not to be taken down, even if they are linked to spam or other illegal online activity.
In this case, however, Google believes the attacks really were state sponsored, said Leslie Harris, president and CEO of the Center for Democracy and Technology. "They wouldn't be taking an action suggesting that they cannot operate in China ... if it was not related to the Chinese government," she said.
Google's security team eventually managed to gain access to a server that was used to control the hacked systems, and discovered that it was not the only company to be hit. In fact, 33 other companies had also been compromised, including Adobe Systems, according to several sources familiar with the situation.
On Jan. 2 Adobe learned of "a computer security incident involving a sophisticated, coordinated attack against corporate network systems managed by Adobe and other companies," the company said in a blog post published just minutes after Google went public with its account of the hacking incident. An Adobe spokeswoman declined to comment on whether or not the Google and Adobe attacks were related.
Other companies that have been hit include "Internet, finance, technology, media and chemical sectors," Drummond said.
On Tuesday Yahoo -- another likely target -- declined to say whether it had been hit, but the company did issue a brief statement in support of Google. These "kinds of attacks are deeply disturbing," Yahoo said.
Microsoft said even less about the incident. "We have no indication that any of our mail properties have been compromised," the company said via e-mail.
"We've never seen any attacks that were on this large of a scale and were this successful against private companies," said Eli Jellenc, head of international threat intelligence with Verisign's iDefense security unit.
IDefense was called in to help some of the victim companies that Google had uncovered. According to Jellenc, the hackers sent targeted e-mail messages to victims that contained a malicious attachment containing what's known as a zero-day attack. These attacks are typically not detected by antivirus vendors because they exploit a previously unknown software bug.
Web giants attacked
- White House orders security review in wake of WikiLeaks disclosure
- Leaked U.S. document links China to Google attack
- Update: Researchers track cyber-espionage ring to China
- Google, China now playing cat and mouse?
- McAfee: 'Amateur' malware not used in Google attacks
- Military warns of 'increasingly active' cyber-threat from China
- China: Google 'totally wrong' to stop censoring
- Update: Google stops censoring in China
- Google's China ad partners wait in 'incomparable pain'
- Google may soon leave China, reports say
This state transportation department uses computer science students from a local university as programming interns, and everyone is happy with the arrangement -- until one intern learns how to bring down the mainframe.
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