Microsoft readies book search service
Analysts say copyright approach is 'sound, prudent and correct'
IDG News Service - Microsoft Corp. has developed a book-search service that will compete with a similar offering from Google Inc. while taking a more conservative approach to scanning works.
On Wednesday, Microsoft plans to launch a beta version of Live Search Books, which, like Google Book Search, is a service that indexes and makes searchable the full text of books.
Like Google, Microsoft is striking up partnerships with libraries, universities and publishers. Microsoft is even participating in the collective project Open Content Alliance with rival Yahoo Inc., which doesn't have a stand-alone book search service. However, unlike Google, Microsoft has chosen to index in-copyright books only if it has permission from the copyright owner. Both companies are also scanning books in the public domain.
But Google is taking an approach that is more aggressive, and some say illegal, regarding copyrighted books, opting to scan them without always securing permission from the copyright owners. Last year, the Association of American Publishers (AAP), acting on behalf of five of its members, and the Authors Guild Inc. and three of its member authors filed separate but similar lawsuits accusing Google of copyright infringement.
Google argues that it is protected by the fair use principle, because it only displays short text snippets from copyrighted books. The plaintiffs say the very act of scanning and storing a digital copy of a book without permission constitutes infringement. It's very likely that it will take years for a definitive legal answer to emerge to this debate.
In the short term, Google may gain an edge with a larger book index for its service, but its approach may backfire in the end, said industry analyst Roger Kay, president of Endpoint Technologies Associates Inc. The most obvious setback would be a court ruling against Google, but already Google is probably causing great harm to its long-term relationship with publishers and authors, Kay said. "Microsoft's approach is sound, prudent and correct," Kay said.
On Wednesday, the service will feature books scanned from the collections of the University of California, the University of Toronto and the British Library, said Danielle Tiedt, a Live Search general manager. The books are either in the public domain or those whose copyright is owned by the libraries, she said. Microsoft is also scanning books from Cornell University's library and has just struck a partnership with the New York Public Library and the American Museum of Veterinary Medicine.
Microsoft is in conversations with many publishers right now and, as those agreements are finalized, plans to begin adding in-copyright books to the service, likely starting in early 2007, she said.
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