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New e-mail worm breaks infection records

The Mydoom virus now accounts for one in every 12 e-mail messages

By Paul Roberts
January 27, 2004 12:00 PM ET

IDG News Service - A new computer virus that spreads using e-mail messages is breaking records for new infections that were set by the last major e-mail worm, Sobig.F, according to leading antivirus software companies and e-mail security firms.
Infected e-mail messages carrying the Mydoom virus, also known as Shimgapi and Novarg, have been intercepted from over 142 countries and now account for one in every 12 e-mail messages, according to Mark Sunner, chief technology officer at e-mail security company MessageLabs Ltd.
That surpasses the record set by the Sobig.F virus, which appeared last August and, at its peak, was found in one of every 17 messages intercepted by MessageLabs, he said.
Since first detecting the new virus at 1 p.m. GMT yesterday, MessageLabs has intercepted almost 1 million infected e-mail messages carrying the virus, Sunner said. The virus has "followed the sun," hitting hard in the U.S. and Canada late yesterday, then working its way through Asia and Europe today, he said.
F-Secure Corp. in Helsinki estimates that about 100,000 computers have been infected with Mydoom so far, said Mikko Hypponen, manager of antivirus research at F-Secure.
Antivirus experts expected another large wave of infections in the U.S. and Canada this morning, as workers who missed the virus late yesterday returned to their desks, he said.
The worm arrives as a file attachment in an e-mail with a variety of senders and subjects, such as "Hello" and "test." The message body is often technical-sounding, imitating the look and feel of an automatically generated message from an e-mail server, Sunner said.
For example, some of the e-mails have contained messages telling recipients that "the message contains unicode characters and has been sent as a binary attachment" or that "the message cannot be represented in 7-bit ASCII encoding and has been sent as a binary attachment." Users who click on the attachment, which uses a variety of file extensions, including .bat, .cmd, .exe, .pif, .scr and .zip, are infected with the virus.

The technical pitch is a new twist on so-called social engineering techniques used by virus writers to trick users into opening malicious file attachments. Mydoom's authors may have been counting on the fact that people trust the authenticity of computer-generated messages more than those purporting to come from other humans, Sunner said.
Mimicking the language of a computer-generated administrative message may have also helped Mydoom spread within large corporations, where employees are used to receiving such messages from administrative systems, according to David Perry, public education director at antivirus company Trend Micro Inc.
Trend Micro saw evidence yesterday of infections at 12 Fortune 100 companies, he said. Once inside such companies, Mydoom could use the enormous bandwidth of those corporate networks and huge e-mail address books as a springboard to the rest of the Internet, Perry said.
While Mydoom has shattered Sobig.F's records, in many ways the two viruses are the same, antivirus experts agreed.
Both viruses scan infected computers for e-mail addresses that are then targeted by infected e-mail. Also, both Sobig.F and Mydoom are small and contain highly efficient SMTP engines for sending out copies of themselves. The efficiency of their mail engines means that even a small number of infections can generate a massive amount of e-mail traffic, Hypponen said.
In addition, both Sobig.F and Mydoom contain a Trojan horse program that gives remote attackers full control of the infected system, he said.
In the case of Sobig.F, experts theorized that the virus was being used to assemble "zombie" networks of machines for distributing unsolicited commercial e-mail. A similar motive may be behind Mydoom, though the virus writer's intentions are not yet clear, said Perry.

Reprinted with permission from Story copyright 2014 International Data Group. All rights reserved.
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