Facebook and other tech companies in Silicon Valley are facing increasing pressure from their shuttle drivers to improve working conditions amid concern about growing inequality in the area.
Loop Transportation drivers, who transport Facebook employees to and from the company's Menlo Park, Calif., campus, have reached an agreement with the contractor that, among other things, will increase their average pay from $18 an hour to $24.50 an hour, the International Brotherhood of Teamsters said Sunday.
The agreement will have to first be submitted to Facebook for approval as the paying client. The company could not be immediately reached for comment.
Loop drivers who work for Facebook voted in November to join Teamsters Local 853 in San Leandro.
"These are life-changing improvements for these drivers that will allow them to live a more sustainable life, support their families, have decent healthcare and plan for the future," said Rome Aloise, international vice president and secretary-treasurer of Local 853, in a statement about the new agreement.
The organization aims to unionize the drivers of Compass International, which has service agreements with several tech companies, including Apple, Yahoo, eBay and Zynga. The drivers for those companies are to vote on representation by the Teamsters later this week.
The use of underpaid contract staff by Silicon Valley companies for jobs such as janitors, cooks, drivers and security guards has been criticized previously.
"These 'invisible' workers do not share in the success of the industry which they daily labor to keep running," said an August 2014 report by community labor organization Working Partnerships USA. It said that tech companies in Silicon Valley use underpaid black, Latino and immigrant workers, hired through contractors, as landscaping workers, janitors, cooks and security guards.
Google said in October it would add security guards to its payroll rather than have them placed by a contractor.
The tech industry in Silicon Valley has also been under pressure from civil rights groups, such as Rev. Jesse Jackson's Rainbow Push Coalition, for not hiring enough blacks and Latinos. Microsoft said recently it was spending $300 million to have more women and under-represented minorities on its staff by 2020.