Hewlett-Packard Co. announced today that its board of directors has dismissed Carly Fiorina as the company's chairman and CEO.
Fiorina, who has been HP's CEO for six years, is to be replaced on an interim basis by the company's chief financial officer, Robert P. Wayman, HP said in a statement. Wayman, who has been with HP for 36 years, will also continue to serve as CFO.
HP has already begun its search for a new CEO.
The company also named Patricia Dunn as its nonexecutive chairman of the board. Dunn has been an HP director since 1998.
HP said it doesn't plan to make any additional structural changes or executive leadership changes for the time being.
"Carly Fiorina came to HP to revitalize and reinvigorate the company," Dunn said in a telephone news conference. "She had a strategic vision and put in place a plan that has given HP the capabilities to compete and win. We thank Carly for her significant leadership over the past six years as we look forward to accelerating execution of the company's strategy."
A company statement indicated that Fiorina's departure stems from disagreements on strategy.
"While I regret the board and I have differences about how to execute HP's strategy, I respect their decision," Fiorina said in the statement.
Carly Fiorina, former chairman and CEO of Hewlett-Packard
Dunn declined to give specific reasons for Fiorina's dismissal. "We thought a new set of abilities was called for," Dunn said. "We are looking to accelerate the growth of the company, and we think that requires hands-on execution."
Last month, HP denied published reports that said the board of directors was considering a plan to redistribute some of Fiorina's day-to-day responsibilities to other HP executives, due in part to the board's displeasure with the company's uneven performance.
The board had been deliberating on company performance and CEO performance for "quite some time," said Dunn. "The timing of the announcement was due to the fact that a decision was reached."
Both Dunn and Wayman insisted the HP board does not have a strict set of conditions for the CEO candidates it will interview. "Looking for someone who will fit in the culture is part of it, but that doesn't mean that you want a leader that doesn't challenge that culture," Wayman said.
Fiorina survived a bruising shareholder battle to push through HP's purchase of Compaq Computer Corp. in May 2002. The expectation at the time was that Fiorina would leave the company if shareholders rejected the merger, which Fiorina argued was needed to keep HP competitive.
She won the necessary shareholder support but has been under pressure ever since to make the $21 billion deal pay off, with results analysts call mixed. Recently, Fiorina came in for a round of brutal press coverage, with both Business Week and The Wall Street Journal savaging the HP/Compaq deal as a failure. Last month, HP combined its printer business, a lucrative division often referred to as the company's "crown jewels," with its ailing PC group in an effort to improve profitability in its PC and server lines.
Increasing the company's exposure to the PC market was one of the most controversial aspects of the HP/Compaq deal: Detractors warned that buying Compaq would dilute HP's profit margins by increasing its business in a commoditizing market, while Fiorina argued that only the biggest IT players would thrive in the future. Making HP a head-to-head competitor with IBM -- which just sold its own PC business -- was the goal.
Fiorina's ouster also removes one of the tech industry's most prominent female executives. She regularly topped Fortune magazine's "50 Most Powerful Women in Business" list until 2004, when eBay Inc.'s Meg Whitman displaced her. After majoring in medieval history and philosophy in college, Fiorina went on to a business career that began with a position as a sales representative at AT&T Corp. and brought her to Lucent Technologies Inc., where she guided the company's 1996 initial public offering and subsequent spin-off from AT&T. That put the ambitious Fiorina on the business world's radar. Soon afterward, HP wooed her to be its CEO.
HP said it plans to report its first-quarter financial results on Feb. 16 and will hold its annual share owner meeting in Chicago in March
According to Wayman, HP expects its quarterly results to be in line with analysts' consensus expectations, after adjusting for the effects of the previously announced Intergraph Corp. settlement. Last month, HP said it would pay $141 million to Intergraph to settle a dispute over HP's alleged infringement of Intergraph's microprocessor patents.
"The decision [to fire Fiorina] was made independently of the quarterly report," Wayman said.