In March, Atlanta's Piedmont Hospital became the first institution in the country to be audited for compliance with the security rules of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).
The audit was conducted by the office of the inspector general at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service (HHS) and is being seen by some in the health care industry as a precursor of similar audits to come at other institutions.
Neither Piedmont nor HHS officials have publicly confirmed the audit or spoken about it. That silence has sparked considerable curiosity about why Piedmont was targeted as well as the scope of the audit and the kind of information HHS was seeking.
A document obtained by Computerworld from a reliable source indicates that Piedmont was presented with a list of 42 items that HHS officials wanted information on within 10 days. Specificially, Piedmont was asked to provide policies and procedures for:
- Establishing and terminating users' access to systems housing electronic patient health information (ePHI).
- Emergency access to electronic information systems.
- Inactive computer sessions (periods of inactivity).
- Recording and examining activity in information systems that contain or use ePHI.
- Risk assessments and analyses of relevant information systems that house or process ePHI data.
- Employee violations (sanctions).
- Electronically transmitting ePHI.
- Preventing, detecting, containing and correcting security violations (incident reports).
- Regularly reviewing records of information system activity, such as audit logs, access reports and security incident tracking reports.
- Creating, documenting and reviewing exception reports or logs. Please provide a list of examples of security violation logging and monitoring.
- Monitoring systems and the network, including a listing of all network perimeter devices, i.e. firewalls and routers.
- Physical access to electronic information systems and the facility in which they are housed.
- Establishing security access controls; (what types of security access controls are currently implemented or installed in hospitals' databases that house ePHI data?).
- Remote access activity i.e. network infrastructure, platform, access servers, authentication, and encryption software.
- Internet usage.
- Wireless security (transmission and usage).
- Firewalls, routers and switches.
- Maintenance and repairs of hardware, walls, doors, and locks in sensitive areas.
- Terminating an electronic session and encrypting and decrypting ePHI.
- Transmitting ePHI.
- Password and server configurations.
- Antivirus software.
- Network remote access.
- Computer patch management.