Why is anyone surprised?! The strangest thing about the recent revelation by The Guardian newspaper in the UK of how the US government allowed secret monitoring of the phone calls of Verizon customers is how anyone could be surprised that this kind of thing is going on.
Behind the top secret collection program is one of the most secretive of the TLA (Three Letter Acronym) agencies, the NSA (the National Security Agency). The program was authorized by a literally top secret order of the very secret Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISA) on a top secret request from the FBI.
Why did the FBI make the top secret request rather than the NSA? That's not clear (it's probably a top secret), but I suspect it's because the NSA was setup to only deal with foreign intelligence so the FBI had to end run that little jurisdictional problem.
The top secret order was titled "IN RE APPLICATION OF THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION FOR AN ORDER REQUIRING THE PRODUCTION OF TANGIBLE THINGS FROM VERIZON BUSINESS NETWORK SERVICES, INC. ON BEHALF OF MCI COMMUNICATION SERVICES, INC. D/B/A VERIZON BUSINESS SERVICES."
The now no longer top secret order can be read on The Guardian's web site and was leaked to the paper by an undisclosed source who is probably going to wind up in big trouble if he's ever identified.
The top secret order signed in April required Verizon to hand over tangible things, specifically, metadata which the order defines as:
" ... comprehensive communications routing information, including but not limited to session identifying information (e.g., originating and terminating telephone number, International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI) number, International Mobile station Equipment Identity (IMEI) number, etc.), trunk identifier, telephone calling card numbers, and time and duration of call."
This was for all national and international calls for the three months ending on the forthcoming July 19. Whether that includes text messages isn't clear, but I'd secretly bet it does.
But why is everyone so surprised? The Free Press described the revelation as "the government's shocking mass surveillance program," but this is old news. Not only has warrantless wiretapping been an open secret since the Bush era, but we also know the NSA has been up to this kind of intelligence gathering for years. A Moreover, we know that since 9/11 the NSA has been expanding its facilities and abilities at a rapid pace.
According to a Wired article, "[The NSA Is Building the Country's Biggest Spy Center (Watch What You Say)][http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2012/03/ff_nsadatacenter/all/]", the agency "has transformed itself into the largest, most covert, and potentially most intrusive intelligence agency ever created," and "the agency has undergone the largest building boom in its history, including installing secret electronic monitoring rooms in major US telecom facilities."
To see a prime example of the NSA's building boom you should go to Utah where that spy center is located. Just travel north on Interstate15 through Provo (waving to Novell as you pass) heading towards Salt Lake City, you'll come to the city of American Fork. Take Exit 278 for Main Street and at the end of the ramp turn left on the 145 and when you get to Redwood Road, take a right. There on the left, about 4 miles up the road, you'll see a huge building project underway. What you're looking at is the NSA's top secret Utah Data Center in Bluffdale (you can also see it from the I15 ... it's massive).
The Utah Data Center, according to Wikipedia, will be between 1 million and 1.5 million square feet (this depends on who you believe) and will cost between $1.5 billion and $2 billion when finished in September 2013. Also, "[one] report suggested that it will cost another $2 billion for hardware, software, and maintenance. The completed facility is expected to have a power demand of 65 megawatts, costing about $40 million per year."
The Wired article claims the Utah Data Center will have four computer halls of 25,000 square feet each (that's just under five A American football fields apiece). You can get a lot of supercomputers and a biblical amount of storage in that much space, which they'll need because, according to William Binney, a retired senior NSA crypto-mathematician interviewed in the Wired article, the agency has intercepted between 15 and 20 trillion communications in the last 11 years and it plans to capture even more with next to no front-end filtering.
So, what is the point of a top secret FISA order for collecting a mere three months' worth of data if the NSA has top secret intercept stations in every service provider and has secretly been collecting intelligence data on a massive scale for over a decade?
I wonder if this top secret order could be just the tip of a top secret bureaucratic iceberg of top secret orders that include all of the service providers and also covers the calendar in nice, bite-sized, top secret, three month chunks? I wouldn't be surprised, would you?
Gibbs is anything but surprised in Ventura, Calif. Amaze him at firstname.lastname@example.org and follow him on Twitter and App.net (@quistuipater) and on Facebook (quistuipater).
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This story, "US government collects Verizon customers' phone metadata ... So what?" was originally published by Network World.