The digital divide isn't some esoteric, policy-wonk concept to Michael Liimatta, president of Connecting for Good, a nonprofit IT support group based in Kansas City, Mo.
Liimatta describes his group as a collection of "socially-minded geeks who provide IT support to non-profits with wireless installs and computer refurbishing labs, as well as computer training labs that trained 2,000 people for free last year with another 2,000 expected this year."
Connecting for Good's 2014 budget totals just $300,000, about half of which comes from the sale of wireless microwave installations to homes along with $50 refurbished computers and other gear. There are six paid workers. Liimatta and 40 others volunteer their time.
The group partners with some 50 groups and non-profits. such as the Kansas City-based-based Kauffman Foundation and Google Fiber.
A Kansas City Digital Inclusion Fund has provided some funding to Connecting for Good as well. Google Fiber, which has been busy since 2012 installing 1 gigabit fiber optic cable in the KC area, having already installed about 6,000 miles on both sides of the Kansas-Missouri border, accounts for an undisclosed portion of the funds.
Liimatta and Kansas City officials point to Connecting for Good as a model for Google Fiber and AT&T and other for-profit companies that want to bring 1 gig fiber connections to other cities in the country where large numbers of residents have no Internet broadband connection.
In some Kansas City neighborhoods, as few as 20% of residents have a home Internet connection, Liimatta said. About 70% of students in the Kansas City, Mo., public schools lack a connection at home, he added.
On its website, Connecting for Good has posted a map from the Open Technology Institute showing the lowest levels of broadband adoption in the metro area's inner core.
Nationally, about 28% of homes don't have a 4 Mbps downlink wired or fiber connection, the minimum needed to be classified as broadband under the 2010 National Broadband Plan.
The relatively high use of cell phones in poorer neighborhoods helped diminish the digital divide somewhat, according to experts. However, it's hard to prepare a resume on a cell phone, so today a desktop computer or laptop is still an essential tool for most job seekers.
In some cities, there are lines at the public libraries to use a computer and even then, it's hard to get back to the library every day to check for an email from a potential employer.
Gloria Jones, newcomer to Kansas City, Kans., is in her early 50s and on Tuesday finished her first free two-hour digital life skills class at a Connecting for Good classroom. In the class, she learned how to use email apps, how to browse the Internet, as well as how to cut and paste and attach documents.
"I want to learn more to prepare for online classes [in nursing], and I really need to search for resumes," she said in an interview. "I knew a little bit about using a computer, just the basics, but this helped because they spent time with me one-on-one, step-by-step."
Jones has a smartphone and even has a Google Fiber link to her home, but said she needs more computer skills to "open up more choices."
"For many people, computers are intimidating," Liimatta said. That's where free, hands-on courses come in, with assistance at home to make an Internet connection and to set up a computer.